Ice hockey is considered a team sport with a total of 3 variations where two opposing ice hockey teams can have six players on either side. These players will use a wooden stick that comes with a long pole or a curved end along with a long slasher that looks like a blade towards the end of the stick. This is used to move a puck around on the ice playing area. At either end of the playing field, you will find a net that is always guarded by a goalie.

The three variations of hockey include ice hockey, bandy hockey, and field hockey. Bandy and ice hockey are both played on ice, while field hockey is usually performed on exclusive turf or grass. Ice and bandy hockey utilize sticks with much longer slasher blades to move the puck. The players also wear protective gear and skates. You can score a goal when the puck hits the back of the net after you hit it with a hockey stick past the goalie.

Origins of Hockey

In the modern era, hockey has managed to evolve over the last few centuries from several new adaptations. In the book ‘The Origin of Hockey’, published by Carl Giden, a Swedish sports historian, and Patrick Houda, you will find a chronology of event based on how hockey originated, especially ice hockey in particular. The chronology focuses on three primary countries, including the United States, Ireland, and Scotland.

1607 – 1908

The first ice hockey form started in Scotland during the winter of 1607/08. The earliest hockey form that was played in the country was called shinty, and it was played on ice. David Calderwood, a theologian and historian from Scotland, managed to write an article on this ice hockey version called shinty. In the Scottish National Dictionary, you will also find that shinty has other names, including chamie or chamaire.


During 1740, Reverend John O’Rourke, an Irish minister, wrote several passages that were published in a newspaper. The passages referred to a game of ice hockey that was enjoyed on the frozen River Shannon. The game was christened informally as a hurling match, and it seemed like crowds of spectators enjoyed it.

1745 – 1809

During 1836, George Penny, a Scottish historian and journalist, wrote an article that was based on the narration of his father in terms of how shinty used to be played between 1745 and 1809, occurring on the ice or streets by boys in an aggressive manner.


The book called On the Origin of Hockey made references to occurrences that took place in Paisley in 1803 in Scotland. Two teenagers played an early version of shinty on ice, and one of them drowned due to the ice that managed to cave in.


Canada is a country that is most associated with ice hockey, where it became a professional sport. The sport initially gained popularity during 1872. In 1875, James Creighton moved to Montreal and organized a public exhibition of ice hockey.

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